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EXTENDED TO 
OCTOBER 10TH

An exhibition inspired by the 80th Anniversary of Pearl Harbor

The subject of the Roeliff Jansen Historical Society’s 2022 summer exhibition will be WWII, as told through personal correspondence, photographs, G.I. standard issue equipment, commendations, medals, official documents, photgraphs and mementos of family members who served.

This spring, The Roeliff Jansen Historical Society invited residents of the entire Roe Jan region (Ancram, Copake, Hillsdale, Gallatin & Taghkanic) to lend us WWII photographs, letters, and memorabilia from any branch of the Armed Forces, and from service at home or overseas. We also welcomed stories and memories that have been handed down through the generations. There has been an overwhelming response, and all of these contribute to making From the Home Front to the Front Lines, a memorable exhibit, built on the life-shaping experiences and memories of WW II and our own Roe Jan community.

Bombing Japan, August 1945, and a Letter to the Home Front by Sgt. Harold S. Whitman from the Front Lines

The United States detonated two atomic bombs over

the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August 1945, respectively. The two bombings killed between 129,000 and 226,000 people, most of whom were civilians, and remain the only use of nuclear weapons in armed conflict.
In the final year of World War II, the Allies prepared for a costly invasion of the Japanese mainland. This undertaking was preceded by a conventional and firebombing campaign that devastated 64 Japanese cities. The war in the European theatre concluded when Germany surrendered on 8 May 1945, and the Allies turned their full attention to the Pacific War. By July 1945, the Allies Manhattan Project had produced two types of atomic bombs: "Fat Man", a plutonium implosion-type nuclear weapon; and 'Little Boy", an enriched uranium gun-type fission weapon. The 509th Composite Group of the United States Army Air Forces was trained and equipped with the specialized Silverplate version of the Boeing B-29 Superfortress, and

deployed to Tinian in the Mariana Islands.

The Allies called for the unconditional surrender of the Imperial Japanese armed forces in the Potsdam Declaration on 26 July 1945, the alternative being "prompt and utter destruction".

The Japanese government ignored the ultimatum.

Prescient words from August 9th, 1945...

Excerpted from a letter home by Sergeant, Harold S. Whitman, 107th Infantry.
On loan from Trudy Whitman, Hillsdale, NY

Just as you and everybody else at home, this place is poppin' with excitement at the two earth shaking news items released yesterday and today: the atomic bomb and the entry of Russia into the Pacific war. The deadly, eight-pound city vaporizer is so devastating in effect and as earth shattering in possibility, it's unfathomable for the human mind, even the average scientific me, I dare say. The scope of the discovery makes Buck Rogers look like the Neanderthal man by comparison. Everybody so eager to quickly end the war, that for the present, we can only see the bomb as a boon to mankind, a thing to hasten the end of war and save American lives. For the moment, no one is interested in the ultimate in pessimism: a weapon which, if used against each other by two powerful groups of antagonistic ideologies, could result in the end of civilization, if it can still be called such. If we could retain forever it's secret, the atomic discovery could serve as the greatest weapon for peace by our dictators.

This is an impossibility, of course...

 

The Lasting Legacy of Harold S. Whitman’s Letter

In 1987, Granddaughter Rachel was doing a class project and asked to speak to her grandparents about her grandfather’s experience during the war in the letter to Rachel from grandma and papa, Rachel's index card prepared for class report.

Rachel's index card

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Click picture above to watch video

 Now on Video!
The extraordinary story of Erika Löbl's Diaries

The Diaries of Erika Löbl A Gallery Talk by Barbara Steinberger  

 

Erika Löbl and her brother Werner were born during the mid-1920s into a prosperous Jewish family in the picturesque town of Bamberg, Germany. As with countless others, the comfortable middle-class life they enjoyed, came to an abrupt end on November 9th - 10th, 1938, when the Nazis launched their systematic attack on the Jewish population of Germany, known as Kristallnacht - The Night of Broken Glass.   Starting in 1938, the teenage Erika Löbl faithfully documented her daily life and that of her family and friends. The diaries span 7 years, and detail the events that led the family on a harrowing and seemingly impossible escape from their homeland, and begin new lives as a family in the remote jungles of far-off Ecuador, and eventually in the United States.   As part of the RJHS’ Summer exhibition on WW2, for her gallery talk, Erika Löbl’s daughter Barbara Steinberger vividly recounts how she and her uncle Werner discovered their mother’s diaries, which had been packed away for decades in Erika's house. This discovery, and Werner’s tenacious efforts to transcribe, translate and widely share the diaries, ultimately paved the way for the town of Bamberg to recognize and embrace the journals’ potential as a unique teaching tool for high school students. Told in the voice of a teenager, the first-hand experiences of Erika and her family have and will continue to have a profound impact on future generations of young people. Produced/edited by P.N.Fritsch for the Roeliff Jansen Historical Society©2022

RT 17:49

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Click on image above to view video

Watch an exclusive, ten minute video Interview with Copake's British War Bride, Dorothy Baker 

Among the 70,000 British war brides to arrive in the United States during and after WWII, was Dorothy Baker, from the small village of Woodbridge, Suffolk, England. Together, shortly before the end of the war, Dorothy and her new American husband, Lewis Thomason (Tom) Baker, began a new life together in the Hamlet of Copake, N.Y. At the age of 97, Dorothy is remarkably sharp and brimming with detailed memories of the war in the UK, and her adjustment to life in the Hudson Valley hamlet of Copake. Distilled from over two hours of footage shot this past June in her Copake home, and as an important part of our WWII exhibition: “From the Home Front to the Front Lines”, the Roeliff Jansen Historical Society has produced a ten-minute video of Dorothy’s recollections of the Second World War, experienced as a young girl living with her family in England – a mere 70 miles from London during the “Blitz.” Dorothy recounts meeting her future husband, U.S. G.I. Tom Baker, a bomb falling in Woodbridge, the anxiety of having siblings in the British armed forces, and the astonishing story of boats racing to the sea on Woodbridge’s River Deben on their way to Dunkirk in May, 1940. The interview is a testament to the courage and tenacity of the young women who left their homes, families and former lives, to begin marriage and family in foreign land. Illustrated with photos and footage. Lesley Doyel & Jane Wasnewski interviewers. Directed by Peter N. Fritsch. RT:10 min, 48 Seconds

 
 
 
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Click on image above to view PDF of portion of actual Cruise Book that describes the Battle of Leyte

The U.S.S. WASATCH: the flagship and command

center of the 7th fleet during the Battle of Leyte Gulf

Leyte Gulf was, one of the largest and most decisive naval battles of all time.

Admiral Kinkaid, aboard the Wasatch, commanded the naval forces of

the 7th fleet.

In the U.S. Navy’s history, few battles are as significant or as controversial as that of Leyte Gulf (23–26 October 1944). Among the largest naval battles ever fought, Leyte involved nearly 200,000 men and 282 ships fighting in four separate engagements across 100,000 square miles of ocean. It was exactly the sort of “decisive battle” that both the Allies and the Japanese had sought since the beginning of World War II, one that pitted the waning might of the Japanese Combined Fleet against the U.S. Third and Seventh fleets. Although the Japanese hoped that this battle would revive their flagging fortunes, in the end, it would prove to be their navy’s death knell, leaving the Allies in command of the Pacific and well situated to recapture the remainder of the Philippines.

 

WW 2 - Era General Information Panels
The small "General Information" panels from the exhibition right here on your  computer as a 'carousel' gallery. Click on any frame to expand it.

3. ARMY POST OFFICE-APO indd
2. V-Mail Small Panel
1. AIR MAIL SMALL PANEL
12. Censorship  small panel] A
6. Star small panel A
7. Purple Heart Small Panel
5 .VD small panel B
4. Penicilin small panels A copy
17. Telegrams small panel A
14. VINYL IN WW2  PANEL
20.HIgh School Victory Corps panels copy
19. WOMEN'S LAND ARMY panel A
15. Combat Fatigue 1 small panels B Part 1
16. Combat Fatigue PTSD  PART 2
8. Rationing Small Panel
13. How To Shop Ration Book
11. VICTORY GARDENS for small panels B copy
9. Black Market for small panel B
10. RUBBER - CONSERVATION for small panels B copy
18. Women & WACS small panel B
GI BILL OF RIGHTS
SUNRISE OR SUNSET